Scientific research since the 1960s has yielded several other exotic compounds, none which have yet produced any known applications outside of scientific circles. Xenon is a Block P, Group 18, Period 5 element. In the medical industry, xenon is used as a general anesthetic, and several isotopes are utilized in the study of blood flow through the brain and lungs. Xenon is a rare noble gas with abundance estimated at 0.1 ppm in Earth’s atmosphere, and it’s for this reason that xenon was one of the last gases to be isolated. Along with 133Xe, 135Xe is also used as an observable barometer to monitor compliance with nuclear test ban treaties or to confirm that a nuclear detonation has taken place. Xenon has … Xenon compounds are considered to be toxic although xenon itself is not. Xenon produces an extremely bright bluish-white light useful in photographic flashes and lighting equipment. Xenon information, including technical data, properties, and other useful facts are specified below. Xenon was discovered by William Ramsay. Physical Properties of Xenon. American Elements is a U.S. On the left is the phase change graph of Xenon. Xenon Properties. And because the light emitted by xenon is so strong, this element is also utilized in lasers and bacteria-killing ultraviolet light sources to sterilize lab equipment. Xenon. Strobe lights contain an amount of xenon for this reason. On this page you can discover the chemical properties of xenon and information about xenon and other elements of the periodic table such as iodine, helium, boron or carbon. The below applies to elemental xenon. Xenon is a rare, odorless, colourless, tasteless, chamically unreactive gas. The number of electrons in each of Xenon's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 8 and its electronic configuration is [Kr] 4d 10 5s 2 5p 6.In its elemental form xenon's CAS number is 7440-63-3. Xenon is a colorless and odorless gas at room temperature. Registered Trademark. Naturally occurring xenon (Xe) has eight stable isotopes: 124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, and 134Xe, Please join us and our customers and co-sponsors. Observation of xenon content is also useful in dating events in the early solar system. Xenon currently finds its uses as the free element. Uses and properties John Emsley, Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements, Oxford University Press, New … Xenon was discovered and first isolated by Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers  in 1898. In a gas filled tube xenon emits blue light when excited by electrical discharge. All rights reserved. Applications. Xenon is named from the Greek word xenon meaning foreign or strange. To this day, xenon is only produced via this method, although efficiency has increased over the decades. The xenon atom has a covalent radius of 140± and it's Van der Waals radius is 135Xe is often used as a neutron absorber that can slow or stop nuclear reactions, but Chernobyl has taught the scientific community that powering down a reactor without accounting for the ensuing buildup of xenon can further poison the whole reactor. Learn applications, properties and the atomic mass of xenon. Xenon is a rare, colorless, odorless, and chemically unreactive gas with atomic number 54 and represented with the symbol Xe in the Periodic Table. Xenon is even used in ion thrusters for deep-space spacecraft. Xenon is a Block P, Group 18, Period 5 element. Xenon's melting point is -111.79°C and its boiling point is -108.12°C. Xenon was long thought to be completely inactive until it became the first noble gas to be synthesized into a chemical compound, the element bonding with a form platinum fluoride to form xenon hexafluoroplatinate. Xenon is located at position 54 on the periodic table. American Elements: The Materials Science Company™ | Certified bulk & lab quantity manufacturer of metals, chemicals, nanoparticles & other advanced materials, 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 (weakly acidic oxide), William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898). This article summarizes key chemical and thermal properties of this chemical element and atom. Scientific facts such as the atomic structure, ionization energy, abundance on Earth, conductivity, and thermal properties are included. The most effective car headlamps currently available contain xenon gas at pressures of a couple of atmospheres. What is Xenon - Properties of Xenon Element - Symbol Xe . It was regarded as completely inert until, in 1962, Neil Barlett reported synthesis of xenon haxafluoroplatinate. Xenon has eight stable isotopes (the most of any element next to tin), and over 40 known unstable isotopes, some of which are radioactive. The number of electrons in each of Xenon's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 8 and its electronic configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6. Along with the other noble gases like helium, xenon’s primary application is in lighting. As with other noble gases, it was isolated by Sir William Ramsay and Morris Travers in 1898 during their research on fractional distillation of liquefied air. In its elemental form xenon's CAS number is 7440-63-3. Periodic table of the elements, materials science and academic information, elements and advanced materials data, scientific presentations and all pages, designs, concepts, logos, and color schemes herein are the copyrighted proprietary rights and intellectual property of American Elements. Liquid xenon is used in calorimeters for measurements of gamma rays and as a medium to detect weakly interacting massive particles. © 1998-2020 American Elements. Xenon is present in the atmosphere and is commercially produced as a byproduct of the separation of air into oxygen and nitrogen.

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