Saint Gennaro was Bishop of Benevento, Italy, and died a martyr in 305 AD during the persecution spearheaded by Emperor Diocletian. In every emergency Saint Gennaro is their powerful champion and universal helper. [4] The Las Vegas, Nevada, festival has traditional Italian cuisine, carnival rides and games, and entertainers such as Emilio Baglioni and Louis Prima's daughter, Lena Prima. In 2002, Jimmy Kimmel, Adam Carolla, and Doug DeLuca founded the Feast of San Gennaro Los Angeles, which is now a major annual event held every September in Hollywood. He signed his death warrant when he visited the deacons, Sosso and Proculo, and the laymen, Eutichete and Acuzio, in jail. The immigrant families on Mulberry Street who started the feast, a group of cafe owners, erected a small chapel in the street to house the image of their patron Saint. In 1994, New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani declared that if the city's San Gennaro festival did not remove corrupt elements, he would shut it down. Today the ampoules are kept in a safe behind the altar of the Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro. His feast day is September 19 in the liturgical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church.[2]. The Neapolitans pray to him for protection from fires, earthquakes, plagues, droughts and the eruption of Mt. His first name was actually Procolus, belonging to the gens (family) Ianuaria. Since the terrible tortures didn't cause any effect, Timoteus threw him into a fiery furnace; once the furnace was reopened, Gennaro came out unharmed and the flames engulfed the pagans who had come to witness the execution. The Feast of San Gennaro, the patron saint and protector of the city of Naples, is celebrated every year on September 19. Another festival is held with the same attractions in New York City's other Little Italy, in the Fordham/Belmont community in the Bronx. He was thrown headlong into a furnace, but by the grace of God, he come through unscratched. Bishop of Benevento, Italy, Gennaro was imprisoned for visiting other Christians imprisoned in the early years of the persecution. Anyway, what is certain is that Neapolitans will continue to believe, to wait for the liquefaction of the blood of San Gennaro, and to draw from the event auspices on the future of the city. 8.45 - opening the safe with double keys to take out the casket with the vials of the blood of San Gennaro; 9.00 - procession with the Cardinal and the deputation of the Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro; 9.15 - The propitiatory prayers and the homily by the Cardinal start. Three Italian scientists, Garlaschelli, Ramaccini and Della Sala, produced a suspension having a thixotropic behavior very similar to the fluid of San Gennaro (A Thixotropic mixture like the blood of Saint Januarius, "Nature", vol.353, 10 oct 1991). One of the earliest references to Saint Januarius is a portrait of the saint, found in the 5 th century AD catacombs of San Gennaro in Naples. As legend has it, Gennaro was tortured and thrown into a fiery furnace, yet emerged unharmed. Similar festivals have also been sponsored in other cities, the most recent being Belmar, New Jersey. His blood, which is normally solidified, liquefies twice a year on the first of Sunday of May, the feast of the transfer of his relics, and on September 19, the anniversary of his martyrdom. As a matter of fact, there may exist a physical explanation, thixotropy: some materials, called thixotropic, become more fluid when subjected to mechanical stress, such as small shocks or vibrations, returning to the previous state if left undisturbed. Of the two vials, one is half-empty because part of its content was subtracted by King Charles III Bourbon, who took it to Spain. On the way he met the pious woman with the two ampoules of the saint's blood: at the presence of the saint's head, the blood would melt. He signed his death warrant when he visited the deacons, Sosso and Proculo, and the laymen, Eutichete and Acuzio, in jail. Held the second week of September, it includes the processional of the Saint San Gennaro statue, live music and food. The Feast of San Gennaro is a fair held in mid-September in Little Italy, New York. This is where the celebration began. [Below, the 1607 painting "San Gennaro mostra le sue reliquie" by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, oil on canvas, (cm 126,5x92,5), New York, Morton B. Harris collection]. This money was then distributed to the needy poor of the neighborhood. San Gennaro (Ianuarius) was born around 272 AD, near Benevento. His body and the severed head still dripping blood were gathered up by an old man who wrapped them reverently in a cloth. On the same day Little Italy in New York celebrates San Gennaro as well. The Grand Procession is held starting at 2 p.m. on the last Saturday of the feast, immediately after a celebratory Mass at the Church of the Most Precious Blood. The story of San Gennaro begins in the early fourth century, during the Great Persecution under the emperor Diocletian. One objection is that not always the blood liquefied, but this has its answer in the very thixotropic properties of the materials: if shaken gently, there is no liquefaction (after all, the blood of San Gennaro liquefied also outside of the canonical periods). How did it begin? In 1926 with keeping their Neapolitan traditions they decided to have a one day block party for their patron saint and protector of Naples, San Gennaro which continued year after year something that has now and for decades become not only a New York icon but a world known 11 day event which stretches throughout 11 blocks of the Little Italy neighborhood. At the same time, a similar festival begins in the Italian neighbourhood in the Bronx. In 2013, The San Gennaro Foundation Seattle was formed by the Mascio family to bring the San Gennaro Festival to Seattle, WA. Centered on Mulberry Street, which is closed to traffic for the occasion, the festival generally features sausages, zeppole, street vendors, games, parades and other such attractions. San Gennaro (Ianuarius) was born around 272 AD, near Benevento. And most of the records about the saint’s life were written several centuries after his death. The celebration follows a well-defined program: The Church is skeptical, but always refused to allow taking samples of the liquid - arguing that an invasive analysis may damage both the ampoule and the blood; actually the Second Vatican Council decided to remove from the calendar several saints, including San Gennaro; but popular resistance was so strong that it was decided to keep the cult of the relic, pointing out that the liquefaction of the blood of San Gennaro could not be considered a miracle by the church, but an event that cannot be explained but deemed miraculous by the population. According to legend, the blood of San Gennaro liquefied for the first time in the fourth century A.D. during the transfer of the saint's remains to Naples, but the first documented report of yje ampoule containing the blood relic dates only from 1389. In the Vatican Acts many mythical episodes are narrated. For generations this feast has always been an important part of our neighborhood not only representing the Saint Himself but also representing our ancestors, our culture and our traditions. The Neapolitans settled on Mulberry St. Once the miracle takes place, twenty-one cannon shots are fired from Castel dell'Ovo. Also, Tony Sacca brought The Feast of San Gennaro to the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, in 1986. During the day, the vials are exposed to the public and the blood contained in them becomes liquid among the prayers of the faithful. In 1389 there was a huge procession to witness the miracle: the liquid stored in the ampoules melted "as if the same day it flowed out of the saint's body." According to tradition, after Gennaro's beheading, blood was collected by a pious woman, one Eusebia, who enclosed it inside two ampoules; these became a typical iconographic symbol of San Gennaro. The Feast of San Gennaro takes place on Mulberry Street (Little Italy) between Canal and Houston AND on Hester between Baxter St. and Centre St. AND Grand between Baxter St. and Centre Market Place. The next day, however, due to the absence of the governor himself, or because the latter realized that the people showed sympathy for the convicted, Gennaro's punishment was suspended. In the image, the saint has Mount Vesuvius behind him, which may be interpreted … The Proconsul, Timothy, had Gennaro arrested. It is held twice a year, in the Spring and Fall. All Rights Reserved. the events that led to his consecration took place in the fourth century, during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Diocletian. Every year, all city officials attend the ceremony, including the mayor, the president of the province of Naples and the President of the Campania region. Dragontius then commanded that Gennaro and his companions were to be beheaded: the sentence was executed on 19 September, 305 AD. He underwent torture without wavering in his resolution to remain loyal to Christ. While Gennaro was going to Nola, where he was to meet the evil judge Timoteus, he was surprised while proselytizing, and was imprisoned and tortured. During the journey to the site of the execution, a beggar asked Gennaro a flap of his garment. The event started small in a park, but due to its success moved to larger grounds. The event is also replicated on December 16 and the first Sunday in May. This is a Roman Catholic candlelit procession in which the statue of San Gennaro is carried from its permanent home in the Most Precious Blood Church through the streets of Little Italy.

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